The Dictionary of Debt (IV): First Greek Bailout Package (€110 bln from EU and IMF)

In April 2010, when the Greek bond spreads exploded to new heights, rendering impossible Greece’s funding from the capital markets, the Prime Minister requested, from the remote island of Castelorizo, a bailout package for the country. It is basically a 3-year loan worth €110 bln, with an original interest rate of 5%; €80 bln are…

The Dictionary of Debt (III): Public Debt, Public Deficit, Eurobond, Extending Loan Maturity

Debt (Public): The total loan obligations of the state. It may refer to the debt of the central government (the ministries and the decentralised governance bodies), or the general government (central government plus hospitals, pension funds, public companies, and local authorities). Depending on its origin, debt is divided into internal and external. As for debt…

The Dictionary of Debt (II): CDS, Credit Rating Agencies, Debt Audit Commission, Debt Negotiations / Restructuring of Debt

Credit Default Swaps (CDS): Insurance contracts which cover the buyer (e.g. a bank that buys a bond) against the occurrence that the bond issuer (e.g. a country) defaults; they are a ‘fruit’ of the 1990s. A bank which purchases government bonds may insure its bond purchases with another bank, which undertakes to pay the insurance…